Henry Ward Ranger. Tonalist Movement.

Impressed by the Barbizon School landscapes and a Corot he saw in New York, the young artist went to Paris where he was attracted to the works of Millet, Theodore Rousseau, and Adolphe Monticelli; neither the detailed manner of Bastien le Page nor the new Impressionism were of interest to him.

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Deeply respectful of the old masters, Ranger improved his technical ability by copying paintings by Constable, Claude, and Hobemma at the Louvre.

He spent several important formulative years in The Netherlands studying with the Hague School masters Joseph Israels, the Maris brothers, and Van Gogh’s uncle, Anton Mauve, all artists that he admired for being “the lineal successors of the Barbizon School.” 

Musée : National Gallery of Art.

Earle, Helen. Biographical Sketches of American Artists. Lansing, Michigan, 1924: 261.
Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. Philadelphia, 1943:, unpaginated, repro.
Paintings other than French in the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 45, repro.
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 92, repro.
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 215, repro.
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 270, repro.
Torchia, Robert Wilson, with Deborah Chotner and Ellen G. Miles. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part II. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 87-89, color repro.



High Bridge, New York. 1905.

One of the prominent figures in America of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Ranger is considered a leader of the Tonaliste movement.


Beginning in 1899, Ranger became a leading member of the artists’ colony at Old Lyme, Connecticut, where a group of painters influenced by the Barbizon and impressionist styles gathered in the summer at the home of Florence Griswold.



Adah Isaacs Menken as Mazeppa. 1864.

Henry Mullins.

After marrying for a fourth and a fifth time she went to London and Paris. Adah caused much furor and had several shocking affairs, including one with Alexander Dumas (who was twice her age). She then became ill and couldn’t work anymore. Falling into poverty very quickly she wrote to a friend:

“I am lost to art and life. Yet, when all is said and done, have I not at my age tasted more of life than most women who live to be a hundred? It is fair, then, that I should go where old people go.